The Paris Agreement is a landmark agreement in the fight against climate change. It was adopted in 2015 by 196 countries, including the United Kingdom, and aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Paris Agreement is named after the city where it was adopted – Paris, France. The agreement was negotiated under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was established in 1992 to address the negative impacts of climate change.
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding document that sets out the commitments of the signatory countries. Each country is required to submit a nationally determined contribution (NDC) that outlines how they will reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The NDCs are reviewed every five years, and countries are expected to increase their ambition in each successive round.
The Paris Agreement also establishes a system of transparency and accountability to ensure that countries are meeting their commitments. This includes regular reporting of emissions and progress towards meeting their NDCs, as well as a global stocktake to assess collective progress towards the goals of the agreement.
The Paris Agreement is widely regarded as a historic achievement in international cooperation, and it has been praised by leaders around the world. However, it has also faced criticism from some who argue that it falls short of what is needed to effectively address the climate crisis.
In the United Kingdom, the Paris Agreement has been a key driver of climate action. The UK was one of the first countries to adopt a legally binding target to reach net zero emissions by 2050, and this target has been enshrined in law. The UK has also pledged to increase its NDC to reduce emissions by at least 68% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels.
Overall, the Paris Agreement is a critical tool in the fight against climate change, and its impact will be felt for generations to come. As the world continues to face the challenges of a changing climate, it is essential that countries remain committed to the goals of the Paris Agreement and work together to build a sustainable future.